Cunard, Sir Samuel

(1787-1865)
   Born in Halifax. His practical training fitted him for the important rôle he was to fill in the evolution of ocean shipping. Watched closely the early attempts to cross the Atlantic by steam, and when in 1838 the British government invited tenders for carrying the mails between Liverpool, Halifax, and Boston, immediately sailed for England and laid before the Admiralty his carefully-matured plans for a line of steamships. Succeeded in enlisting the support of several big shipping firms in England, and had no difficulty in securing the contract. So originated the Cunard company, which from an initial fleet of four vessels of 1200 tons each and 440 horse-power has grown to its present gigantic proportions. Was one of the owners of the Royal William (q.v.). Made a baronet, 1859.
   Index: H Establishes steamship line between Halifax and Great Britain, 234; makes New York western terminal of his line, 234.
   Bib.: Dent, Can. Por.; Johnson, First Things in Canada, under Steam Communication.

The makers of Canada. 2014.

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